Easter Lilies- Pretty but Poisonous

jenniferSpringtime is here, and as Easter approaches, I would like to remind everyone of the potential danger Easter lilies and all lily varieties pose to your feline family members.  These flowers, although beautiful, can cause acute kidney failure, possibly death, if ingested by cats.  All parts of the plant are toxic.  Symptoms of poisoning may include lethargy, vomiting, and loss of appetite.  If you suspect your kitty has eaten any portion of a lily, please call Snake River Veterinary Center immediately, as prompt treatment is necessary in reducing the risk of your cat going into kidney failure.

You can help keep your cat safe by keeping lilies out of your home, and keeping her indoors during the lilies’ blooming season.  For more information, feel free to give us a call at (208) 452-7950 to speak with a technician.

– Dr. Janitell

Physical Examinations, Vaccinations, and Your Veterinarian

brentWe are all familiar with having an annual check up with our doctor.  It is an important part of or own health care.  The appointment usually begins with a nurse checking our blood pressure, temperature, and pulse.  The nurse asks us a variety of questions about how we feel and some of our habits.  The doctor is then brought into the exam room, listens to your heart and lungs with a stethoscope, addresses any concerns, orders any necessary tests or treatment,  then sends you away until next time.

These same types of visits are also important to the health of our pets.  Complete physical exams from”nose to tail” are important in maintaining pet health.  As veterinarians, we often pair the physical exams with annual vaccinations.  In fact, a comprehensive physical exam is probably more important to our pets than it is for us.  Why?  Mostly because pets can not express problems to humans in the same way we communicate with our doctor.  If you have an ache or pain or don’t feel quite right, you can explain to your doctor what is going on.  Your dog or cat, however, can not tell the veterinarian, at least with words, where it hurts or how they feel.

This is where the complete physical exam comes in.  Say for instance, you get a reminder card in the mail from your veterinarian that your weiner dog, Spot, is due for his rabies vaccination.  You schedule an appointment and bring Spot in to Snake River Veterinary Center to receive his vaccination.

Once he is there, Lissa, a Certified Veterinary Technician performs an initial exam including pulse, respiration rate, and temperature.  She also asks some questions about Spot’s eating habits, attitude, etc.  When she is done with her initial exam, Lissa calls in one of the veterinarians.  Let’s say that Dr. Janitell is the one taking care of small animal patients.  Dr. Janitell begins her examination by listening to Spot’s heart and lungs with a stethoscope.  She then palpates (feels) Spot for enlarged lymph nodes, abnormal lumps, pain and/or swelling.  Dr. Janitell checks his teeth for any signs of dental disease, checks each of his legs and palpates his abdomen.  She then checks both of Spot’s eyes with an instrument called an ophthalmoscope.  She also checks his ears with an otoscope to look for foreign bodies or infections.  Dr. Janitell may ask a few more questions and make some recommendations for other testing or treatments if needed.  Finally she makes sure all of your questions are addressed and says good bye to you and Spot until next time.

The point of this is that a thourough, comprehensive exam is the best way to diagnose potential problems before they become more serious.  Since our pets can not “tell us where it hurts”, the exam is really the only way to find problems early.  It is not uncommon for the veterinarians at Snake River veterinary Center to find problems such as dental disease, arthritis, heart murmurs, ear infections and cheat grass, allergies, and abdominal abnormalities during physical exams.  Most of these are best treated early and can help minimize sources of discomfort to your pet.

By now it is obvious that you should insist on a complete physical exam at least once a year for your pet and vaccination time is often the most convenient time to get it done.  In fact, sometimes the veterinarian will determine that you pet maybe doesn’t even need a certain vaccination due to their age or lifestyle.  Our goal as pet owners and veterinarians is that our animals are healthy and part of our families for a long time.  Regular physical exams help makes sure we achieve that goal.

Be Prepared for Spring Vaccinations in Your Cow Herd

 brentThe following is our standard vaccination protocol for spring calving beef cattle herds in our area.  This program can and should be modified to fit individual operations, including timing and specific vaccines.  One of the Veterinarians at Snake River Veterinary Center can help you determine your needs.
COWS
Prebreeding
Leptospirosis
Vibriosis (Campylobacter)
IBR- Infectious Bovine Rhinotracheitis
PI3- Parainfluenza Virus
BRSV- Bovine Respiratory Syncitial Virus
BVD- Bovine Viral Diarrhea
8 way clostridial vaccine
fly tags
Pink eye vaccine
deworm
delouse
Fall
deworm, including flukacide
delouse
preg check
Pre calving
IBR,PI3,BRSV,BVD booster
Scour vaccine
selenium supplement
CALVES
Birth
vitamin A and D
selenium supplement
Branding
IBR, PI3, BRSV, BVD
8 way clostridial
Intranasal IBR, PI3, BRSV
implant
castrate
Pre weaning
IBR,PI3, BRSV, BVD
8 way clostridial
 intranasal
Weaning
IBR, PI3, BRSV, BVD
Intranasal
Implant
Post Weaning
Brucellosis (Bangs) vaccinate heifers
REPLACEMENT HEIFERS
Pre Breeding
same as cows only they will require an initial vaccine and booster 3 weeks later of pink
eye and lepto/vibrio.
Fall
same as cows.
Pre Calving
Same as cows except they will need an initial scours vaccine 6 weeks prior to calving and a booster 3 weeks later.
BULLS
Pre breeding
semen test
trich test (if not done in fall)
fly tags
IBR, PI3, BRSV, BVD
Lepto/Vibrio
deworm
delouse
pink eye
Fall
trich test
deworm
delouse
flukacide
Below is the outline of the presentation from the meeting.  I will help with product names.
•Snake River Veterinary Center
•Spring Vaccination Recommendations
•Cows
Pre breeding

Recommended springtime pre breeding protocol, 3 weeks prior to turnout with bulls.

Leptospirosis

found in mammals, environment

passed in urine fetal fluids

Vibriosis (Campylobacter)

passed from infected bull to cow

•Lepto/Vibrio

SRVC recommends vaccination both pre breeding AND in the fall at gathering and/or preg check

Leptospirosis and Vibriosis (Campylobacter) are potential abortifacients

•Lepto/Vibrio Vaccine
•Staybred
•Combinations with other vaccine
–Preg guard 10
–Virashield 6 + VL5
•Cows
Pre Breeding
•IBR (Infectious Bovine Rhinotracheitis)
•PI 3 (Parainfluenza)
•BRSV (Bovine Respiratory Syncitial Virus)
•BVD (Bovine Viral Diarrhea)
•All potential abortifacients and carried by cattle.  Typically transmitted cow to cow
•Killed Products vs. Modified Live
•In general, killed products are safe in all pregnancy classes of cattle
•Modified live products produce longer protection
•Killed vs. MLV
•Use killed products in pregnant cows, potentially pregnant cows, or cows that will be exposed to a bull within 30 days
•Use MLV in all other situations
•Prevents vaccine induce abortions
•FP (fetal protection) Products
•These are modified live virus vaccines that are labeled safe to use in pregnant cattle under the following conditions:
–Cattle were vaccinated previously with same brand FP product when not pregnant
–Vaccinated or boostered within a year
•FP Vaccine
•FP Vaccines
•We are a little hesitant to recommend this.   Although it is routinely practiced and Caine Veterinary Teaching Center recommends it
–May easily cause confusion on vaccination status

Bottom Line:

If in doubt, use killed vaccine.

•Products
•Killed
–Cattlemaster
–Triangle
–Vira Shield
•Products
•MLV
–Preg guard
•Cows
Pre breeding
•7, 8, or 9 way clostridial
–Use a 2 ml per dose product
•Less reactive
•Less likely to cause vaccination site lumps and/or abcesses
•Cows
Pre Breeding
•Fly Tags
•Pink Eye (Moraxella)
•Deworm
–Ivermectin
–Eprinomectin (Long Range)
•Delouse
•Calves
Birth
•Vitamin A & D
•Selenium
•Clostridial (?)
•Calves
Branding
•IBR, PI3, BRSV, BVD
–MLV
•Bovishield Gold 5
•Clostridial
•Intranasal
–IBR,PI3
•TSV-2, Nasalgen
–IBR, PI3, BRSV
•Enforce
•Implant
•Castrate
•Replacement Heifers
•Same protocol as cows
•Will need two shot series, 3 weeks apart of any vaccine they did not receive as calves.
–Lepto/vibrio
•Preg guard 10
•staybred
–Pink eye
•Bulls
Pre Breeding
•Same as cow vaccination protocol
•Trich Test
–If not done in fall
–Culture vs. PCR
•Semen Test
–Complete motility and morphology check
–Scrotal check